What is the first stage of tuberculosis?


What happens if you get tuberculosis?

The general symptoms of TB disease include feelings of sickness or weakness, weight loss, fever, and night sweats . The symptoms of TB disease of the lungs also include coughing, chest pain, and the coughing up of blood. Symptoms of TB disease in other parts of the body depend on the area affected.

Is TB fatal now?

Without treatment, tuberculosis can be fatal . Untreated active disease typically affects your lungs, but it can affect other parts of your body, as well.

How do u know if u have TB?

Tuberculosis Signs and Symptoms
  1. A cough that lasts more than 3 weeks.
  2. Chest pain.
  3. Coughing up blood.
  4. Feeling tired all the time.
  5. Night sweats.
  6. Chills.
  7. Fever.
  8. Loss of appetite.

What causes tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a type of bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis . It’s spread when a person with active TB disease in their lungs coughs or sneezes and someone else inhales the expelled droplets, which contain TB bacteria.

Who is most at risk for tuberculosis?

Groups at High Risk for Developing TB Disease
  • Persons who have had a gastrectomy or jejunoileal bypass.
  • Persons with low body weight (<90% of ideal body weight)
  • People who use substances (such as injection drug use)
  • Populations defined locally as having an increased incidence of disease due to M.

What happens if TB test is positive?

A “positive” TB blood test result means you probably have TB germs in your body . Most people with a positive TB blood test have latent TB infection. To be sure, your doctor will examine you and do a chest x-ray. You may need other tests to see if you have latent TB infection or active TB disease.
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Can you have TB and not know it?

Persons with latent TB infection do not feel sick and do not have any symptoms . They are infected with M. tuberculosis, but do not have TB disease. The only sign of TB infection is a positive reaction to the tuberculin skin test or TB blood test.

What is the fastest way to cure TB?

You’ll be prescribed at least a 6-month course of a combination of antibiotics if you’re diagnosed with active pulmonary TB, where your lungs are affected and you have symptoms. The usual treatment is: 2 antibiotics (isoniazid and rifampicin) for 6 months .

How long does TB last?

Most people with TB disease will need to take TB medicine for at least 6 months to be cured.

Can TB go away on its own?

In some cases, the initial infection of tuberculosis can seem to go away on its own, but it often reactivates . Without treatment, the illness can come back.

Is TB cough dry or wet?

Initially, people with pulmonary TB have a dry, persistent cough . This cough is often worse at night. This symptom shows in about 85% of people with pulmonary TB. Often the cough is accompanied by fever, also worse at night, and in combination with excessive sweating.

What is the first stage of tuberculosis?

TB infection happens in 4 stages: the initial macrophage response , the growth stage, the immune control stage, and the lung cavitation stage. These four stages happen over roughly one month.

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